As cultural authorities, magazines and television help define the boundaries of human beauty.The appeal of certain features may stem from some biological imperative, but for the most part physical attractiveness is as manufactured as trends in fashion.Paradoxically, when surveyed, fewer users answered “yes” to the question of whether they preferred to date someone of their own race.

I hadn’t been on Tinder for long before I realized something was wrong: Hardly anyone was reciprocating my interest. None of my close friends, many of whom relied exclusively on the dating app to meet singles, seemed to be encountering this problem. Was there a grammatical error in my personal statement? What they found was that users placed a premium on members of their own race.

In 2009, Ok Trends, the research arm of the dating website Ok Cupid, parsed user data to determine racial preferences in online dating.

Yet all ideological factions, in actual practice, demonstrated a similar proclivity for partners of the same race.

People of color open to dating outside their own race must resign themselves to the fact that large portions of the dating pool, white or otherwise, exist outside the sphere of possibility.

When asked if they would like to see the person again, women were 33 percent less likely to respond affirmatively to Asian men than to members of other races.

They were 60 percent less likely to respond positively to Asian men than members of their own race.

The event, which corralled graduate students of all backgrounds, provided each pairing with four minutes to strike up a conversation.

Asian men, who accounted for over 20 percent of the dating body, were at a considerable disadvantage in the experiment.

Researchers studied whether same-race preferences in online dating could be drawn neatly along ideological lines.

Those who identified as politically conservative were more candid in their same-race preference than liberals or moderates.

The only groups not to be categorically discriminated against were white men and Asian women.