The city increasingly saw an influx of Jews after that date.In 1555, however, due to pressure by the clergy, the Jews were expelled and came back only with the annexion to Prussia in 1772.

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The city grew from 12,900 in 1852 to 57,700 in 1910 – of whom 84 percent were Germans and 16 percent Poles.

After World War I, despite Bromberg's German majority, it was assigned to the recreated Polish state by the 1919 Versailles Treaty.

Bydgoszcz is an architecturally rich city, with neo-gothic, neo-baroque, neoclassicist, modernist and Art Nouveau styles present, for which it earned a nickname Little Berlin.

There are also a number of other Polish place-names which make use of the 'goszcz' suffix: i.e. Bydgoszcz, however, has a long, rich history of etymological change: in 1239 known as Bidgosciam, in 1242 as castrum quod Budegosta vulgariter nuncupatur (castle, which is colloquially called Bydgoszcza), in 1279 as Bidgoscha, since 1558 as Bydgoszcz, that is, until the 16th century, and as Bydgoszcza "fishing village or campsite belonging to Bydgosta".

This led to a drastic decline in German residents, whose number within the town decreased to 11,016 in 1926.

During World War II, Bydgoszcz was occupied by Nazi Germany and annexed to the Reichsgau Danzig-West Prussia as the seat of the district or county (kreis) of Bromberg.During the events of war the town suffered demolitions.The town was conquered a second and third time by Sweden in 16 during the Second Northern War.It has been the seat of Bydgoszcz County and the co-capital, with Toruń, of the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship since 1999.Prior to this, between 19, it was the capital of the Bydgoszcz Voivodeship, and before that, of the Pomeranian Voivodeship between 19.) is a city in northern Poland, on the Brda and Vistula rivers.