In retaliation, the forces of the Emir trap the Viking fleet on the River of Guadalquivir destroying 30 ships and killing 1,000 Vikings...

People from the Viking and Muslim Civilisation established trading centres such as Kiev and Novgorod, part of the “Volga Trade route”, where they are believed to have first began noting down their observations regarding the Vikings, or ".

There are thousands if not millions of manuscripts waiting to be translated and studied – what gems, what precious information, what insights into history are hidden within them?

It is worth noting however that this was not the only contact documented between the Viking and Muslim Civilisation.

This featured story has been extracted from “A Tale of Two Civilisations: The Viking and the Muslim World” One account in particular that was written and narrated by the 10th century traveller from the Muslim Civilisation, Ahmed Ibn Fadlan, seems to be most widespread and extensive in terms of content.

Back in 2013, August 1001 Inventions "Discover Muslim Heritage" Exhibition was in Värmlands Museum, Sweden Emir of Córdoba and its officers, according to a 16th century manuscript.

"The Emir of Cordoba, Abd ar Rahman II, drove Viking raiders out of Seville and fortified the city against further attacks.

We would like to conclude our article with this important note made by Dr Anne-Maria Brennan, Chair of CE4t F: The ring was found in the 19th Century, and only recently has the Arabic inscription been noticed.

It makes you wonder, how many other artefacts are out there that are undiscovered?He appoints the tribe of Gad's allotment as falling within the first "period" of "three general divisions and periods" of the Conquest.This first period was the allotment of land east of the Jordan River to the tribes of Reuben, Gad, and the half-tribe of Manasseh, or East Manasseh.Although they may not have been held in high regard in the opinion of people in Al-Andalus, their raids demonstrated their military might and effective strategy.Archaeologist Bjørn Myhre is said to have argued that, “A Viking fleet sacks Lisbon, Seville, Cadiz and Algeciras in the Emirate of Cordova and Asilah in Morocco.Jacob's Blessing - Genesis "Gad will be attacked by a band of raiders, but he will attack them at their heels." Moses' Blessing - Deuteronomy -21 "... He lives there like a lion, tearing at arm or head.