The associate company Southern Cross Cables paid Telecom 3m in dividends as per (note 2 of) Telecom’s 2001 annual accounts, Southern Cross opened for (limited) business in November 2000 and its income from operations to 30 June 2001 was only $US13m ($US55m for the 2002 year).

Southern Cross were insolvent to the extent of $US24m as at 30 June 2000 and this increased to $US280m as at June 2001 as a result of the dividends and other (net) expenses (8m in 2002).

agreement was drawn up, which included a provision that the company retained free local calling for residential customers.

Also in 1990, Clear Communications (later Telstra Clear) entered the New Zealand telecommunications market and so was the first network to compete with Telecom.

In March 2016 as Dame Patsy Reddy she was appointed Governor General designate of New Zealand.

In 1999, Telecom established a presence in Australia, buying 78% of AAPT, Australia's third-largest telecommunications company.

Clear Communications reached an agreement with Telecom in 1995 on local service interconnection.

Also in 1995 Telecom created First Media Ltd to develop a cable television network across Auckland and Wellington, called First TV.

Also in this year, Roderick Deane was appointed CEO of the company.

Then in 1993 Ameritech and Bell Atlantic reduced their share in Telecom to a combined 49.6% and Bell South New Zealand Limited (Bell South), subsequently acquired by Vodafone, set up the first mobile network to compete with Telecom.

The dividends were treated as income in Telecom’s accounts there being nothing in FRS 28 to say that they should not be although such inclusion did breach an overall requirement that the accounts present a fair view. In 2004, Telecom purchased Gen-i Ltd (in May) and Computerland Ltd (in September).