International organizations have assessed that human rights violations in North Korea have no parallel in the contemporary world.

The means of production are owned by the state through state-run enterprises and collectivized farms.

Most services such as healthcare, education, housing and food production are subsidized or state-funded.

It is the country with the highest number of military and paramilitary personnel, with a total of 9,495,000 active, reserve, and paramilitary personnel.

The two successfully lobbied Joseph Stalin to support a short blitzkrieg of the South, which culminated in the outbreak of the Korean War.

The military of North Korea invaded the South on 25 June 1950, and swiftly overran most of the country.

The Korean Armistice Agreement brought about a ceasefire, but no peace treaty was signed.

particularly noting the elaborate cult of personality around Kim Il-sung and his family.

During the provisional government, Shtykov's chief accomplishment was a sweeping land reform program that broke North Korea's stratified class system.

Landlords and Japanese collaborators fled to the South, where there was no land reform and sporadic unrest.

A United Nations force, led by the United States, intervened to defend the South, and rapidly advanced into North Korea.

As they neared the border with China, Chinese forces intervened on behalf of North Korea, shifting the balance of the war again.

Korean resistance groups known as Dongnipgun (Liberation Army) operated along the Sino-Korean border, fighting guerrilla warfare against Japanese forces.